Friday, 23 December 2011
The Frisian God Fosite possessed an axe and it was He who was considered the law giver and judge of the Frisian tribes. His temple is called Axenshowe. It is possible that this Fosite is the same deity referred to in the Norse Eddas as Forseti, the son of Baldr and Nanna, whose residence was Glitnir. He is represented in the Eddas as a God who settles disputes.
Alcuin in the 8th century CE refers to an island called Fositesland, situated between Frisia and Denmark and named in honour of the God who was worshipped there.
Fosite`s Nordic counterpart Forseti is mentioned once in the Elder Edda and four times in the Younger Edda.
"Glitnir is the tenth, it has golden buttresses,
and likewise is roofed with silver;
and there lives Forseti most days
and puts to sleep all quarrels."
"There is a hall called Glitnir, it is held up by golden pillars
and likewise roofed with silver. There Forseti dwells most
days and settles disputes."
"Then the Aesir instituted their banquet and twelve Aesir who were to be judges took their places in their thrones and their names are as follows: Thor, Niord, Freyr, Tyr, Heimdall, Bragi, Vidar, Vali, Ull, Haenir, Forseti, Loki;....."
"How shall Baldr be referred to? By calling him son of Odin and Frigg, husband of Nanna, father of Forseti,......"
"Yet shall be listed names of Aesir. There is Ygg and Thor and Yngvi-Freyr, Vidar and Baldr, Vali and Heimdall. Then there is Tyr and Niord, I list Bragi next, Hod,Forseti. Here is Loki last."
There are no adventures ascribed to Him in the Eddas which gives the impression that he may have been a `minor` God, if there can be such a thing! An alternative explanation is that he represents the image of a very ancient God. We should not forget that not a great deal is mentioned about the God Tyr in the Eddas but we know that He is a much older deity than Woden and once occupied the chief seat amongst the Gods. So it is quite possible that Forseti or Fosite was eclipsed by another God. If this is the case then who could this God have been?
My guess is that He is Thunor, Forseti`s uncle. This is not so unusual as one may think. Tyr who was once senior to Woden and probably existed at a time when Woden didn`t and yet nevertheless was relegated in the Eddas to being his `son`. We see a similar thing happening with Forseti becoming the nephew of Thunor although He may have been a much older deity.
Fosite, the God of the Frisians who made up part of the Anglo-Saxon tribes like Forseti was a God of justice as the legends surrounding the origin of the Lex Frisionum [Law of the Frisians]makes clear:
Wishing to assemble written lawcodes for all his subject peoples, Charlemagne summoned twelve representatives of the Frisian people, the Āsegas ('law-speakers'), and demanded they recite their people's laws. When they could not do so after several days, he let them choose between death, slavery, or being set adrift in a rudderless boat. They chose the last and prayed for help, whereupon a thirteenth man appeared, with a golden axe on his shoulder. He steered the boat to land with the axe, then threw it ashore; a spring appeared where it landed. He taught them laws and then disappeared.The stranger and the spring are identified with Fosite and the sacred spring of Fositesland.
In addition to being both Gods of justice and having similar names Fosite carries an axe and as previous articles on my Aryan Myth and Metahistory and Celto-Germanic Culture, Myth and History blogs make clear the axe was the prototype of the hammer of the Thunder God in both Germanic and Indo-European mythology. Thus there is a link between Him and the Thunder God Thunor. Also applying the practice of folk etymology there is also a link between the name of Thor and Forseti.
The judge`s or chairman`s gavel has its origins in the hammer or axe of this God of justice as alluded to in the writings of Rune Master and Ariosophist Guido von List.
Interestingly the reference to the twelve Asegas has a parallel with the 12 Aesir-the major male Gods that is who sat in judgement at the well of Urd each day.
I believe that the legend regarding Fosite and the Asegas is the remnant of a very ancient story preserved amongst the Frisians and reveals an earlier phase of Thunor as His wielding of an axe rather than a hammer indicates.
Sunday, 20 November 2011
"Five hundred doors, and forty eke, I think, are in Valhall, Eight hundred Einheriar will at once from each door go when they issue with the wolf to fight."
[The Lay of Grimnir,Younger Edda, Benjamin Thorpe translation].
At the time of the final battle Ragnarok 432,000 faithful warriors[540 x 800], dedicated to Woden, bearing the sign of the knot of the slain/chosen which mark them as belonging to Him will march forth to do battle against the forces of the evil desert idol jehovah and his fundamentalist muslim, christian and judaic hordes. This is reflected in the name Ragnarok itself which reading from right to left[the custom of non-Aryan languages] spells Korangar-meaning the spear[gar is Germanic for spear] of the Koran.
The forces of jehovah are currently divided along the following lines:
.The `western`, `democratic`, christian/post-christian/humanist, zionist, capitalist world.
. The eastern, non-democratic, muslim world.
The latter has for the last 20 years been stirred up by the zionist-western world with the deliberate intention of moving towards an `Armageddon` or what we would term the Ragnarok, the destined end of the Gods, although we know from the Eddas that the Gods will not ultimatley die but will be replaced by a new generation of Gods, which I have thus far found 8 in number-Baldr, Hodr, Hoenir, Magni, Modi, Vidar, Vali and Njord. No Godesses are mentioned. I do not know if this was deliberate or merely an oversight.
Interestingly the number 432,000 is the number of years that the Kali Yuga will last according to Hindu mythology. Also the figure of 540 is repeated in The Lay of Grimnir at verse 24:
"Five hundred floors, and forty eke, I think, has Bilskirnir with its windings. Of all the roofed houses that I know, is my son`s the greatest."
The etymology of Bilskirnir is "the one striking lightning with rays of light".
Skaldskaparmal 4 says that Bilskirnir belongs to Thunor.
"It certainly hints vigorously at some common source from which these widely seperated traditions have descended and at some hidden meaning which makes this figure recur in them."[Page 80, The Masks of Odin Wisdom of the Ancient Norse by Elsa-Brita Titchenell.]
Clearly the composer of the Lay of Grimnir intended to draw a direct link between the 432,000 warriors and the event known as Ragnarok and this in turn is directly linked to the end of the Kali Yuga in the Hindu scriptures. As Elsa-Brita Titchenell rightly concludes they must have a common and thus an Aryan source which has been preserved in these two traditions.
Yet Rudolf Simek in his Dictionary of Northern Mythology under the entry for Valhall conjectures that the number may be "traced back to Hellenic influence" without offering a scintilla of evidence and then laughably goes on to say it "is not a number of any particular significance". Mr Simek, I beg to differ!
Sunday, 23 October 2011
`Woden` is volume four of an exciting new series of books edited by Troy Southgate-`Thoughts & Perspectives`.
It consists of 11 powerful essays by 9 contributors including Wulf Ingessunu[also recently published in `Northern Traditions`], Offa Whitesun and Troy Southgate of Woden`s Folk. Other contributors are Dr KR Bolton, Mark Mirabello[author of The Odin Brotherhood],Eowyn[Odinic Rite], Mariella Shearer, Osred[author of Odinism, present, past and future]and Bjorn Grimgal.
This is one of the most powerful books on the subject of the Germanic God Woden/Wotan/Odin that I have read in a long time and managed to finish reading the entire book in just a few days. For me one of the most exciting essays[they are all powerful and inspiring] was Dr Bolton`s `Woden As Archetype The Carl Jung Essay` which draws together all the threads which connect Dr Jung`s work on Wotan, his correspondence with Miguel Serrano and the mystical Wotanist experiences of the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. This essay must be read and reread!
It is also good to see Wulf Ingessunu`s work beginning to reach a far wider audience and I thank Mr Southgate for that.
Please Mr Southgate I would like to see further published work on the subject of the Germanic people`s primary deity!
Friday, 26 August 2011
Contrary to the assertions of many writers on Germanic religion Thunor`s hammer was already worn as an amulet and religious symbol prior to the Viking Age and was common throughout the Germanic world, not just limited to the Scandinavians.
I give as an example the discovery of hammer amulets in 7th century Jutish graves in Kent.
"Amulets made in the charecteristic shape of Thunor`s hammer were carried by women buried in the seventh century at Gilton and Kingston in Kent. They were worn with other trinkets, including the little spears which were the amulets of Woden."
[Page 25 of Rites and Religions of the Anglo-Saxons by Gale R. Owen]
Owen goes on to state: "Thunor`s signs-hammer and swastika-link him, therefore, with both cremation and inhumation graves in England. Although his name has not survived as a place-name in Anglian areas, the sign of the swastika on Anglian urns is evidence of his influence."
Of course one could argue that the wearing of the hammer by Anglo-Saxons, Jutes and Frisians in post migration Britain was indicative of a heathen reaction against the encroachment of the slave religion of Christianity but it is more likely in my opinion that this practice goes back to deep antiquity but it may have become more popular in the 6th to 7th centuries with the arrival of Christianity.
A passage from page 110 of Brian Branston`s brilliant work The Lost Gods of England states: "There can be little doubt that the Old English Thunor was regarded as the son of Woden and Earth, driving over the storm clouds in his chariot drawn by two goats while he flung his thunderbolt from mountain peak to mountain peak. Many Old English place-names incorporating Thunor have as their second element Old English -leah meaning `wood` or `woodland clearing` and it is certain that the Saxon part at least of our forbears connected the god with trees and particularly with the oak tree. The `blasted oak` has become a cliche because of the tree`s susceptibility to being struck by lightning. No doubt the ancient Indo-European speakers gazed in awe at the riven forest giant after a storm and thought of the god who wielded the thunderbolt. No missile was ever found after the fire and fury were spent, but the searing damage was plain to view: so must have arisen the report of a terrible hammer or axe which flashed from the god`s hand and returned there like a boomerang when its work was done. This weapon was old, older than Thunor. The Indo-European weather god had hurled it. It was found in Crete as the labrys or double-axe[lately to turn up so thought-provokingly on our own doorstep carved in the rocks of Stonehenge]; it occurred in Asia Minor as an attribute of the Hittite weather god, and in the hand of Jupiter Dolichenus. The sign of the double-axe or hammer, a T-shaped mark, has indeed been discovered in the French department of Seine-et-Oise. These marks had been branded so deeply that the skulls still show the scars:....."
Sunday, 21 August 2011
This article should be read in conjunction with `Two Hammers of Thor` posted on this blog on 17/1/10.
In addition to the transformation of Thor`s Hammer Mjolnir from a stone weapon into one of metal there is a lot of evidence to suggest that originally this weapon was an axe.
The renowned scholar of Germanic and Celtic mythology H.R. Ellis Davidson repeatedly in her books The Lost Beliefs of Northern Europe and Myths and Symbols in Pagan Europe refers to Thor`s Hammer as an "axe-hammer" or "hammer-axe".
In Gods and Myths of Northern Europe she states that "the hammer-shaped weapon is similar to the double axe of antiquity, which also represented the thunderbolt, and which was shown in various temples of the ancient world."[page 82]
She also draws an association between the axe-hammer and the sun-wheel, all symbols that were well known in the Bronze Age[page 83].
For more information on this particular aspect see my article Thunor and the Flyfot posted on this blog on 24/10/10.
In Curiosities of Indo-European Tradition and Folklore Walter Keating Kelly refers to Thor`s weapon as being an axe: "It is well known in England and also in Germany, that no witch can step over a besom laid along the threshold of the house door on the inside. She will kick it or push it aside before she can enter your house, and by this token you may know her for what she is. An axe[Thor`s weapon] and a broom are laid crosswise on the inner side of the threshold over which the nurse has to step when she goes out with an infant to have it christened. This is done that the babe may be safe from all the devices of the powers of evil."[pages 226-227]
"....and German herdsmen lay a woman`s red apron, or a broad axe covered with a woman`s red stocking, before the threshold of the house, and make the animals step over it."[page 229-230].
"As Indra used to milk the cloud cows and churn the milk lakes and fountains with the thunderbolt, so did Thor. The German god`s fiery weapon was often represented as an axe, and hence it is a customary thing with witches to draw milk from the handle of an axe stuck in a doorpost."[pages 231-232]
"Se thunor hit thryscedh mid theare fyrenan aecxe."
[An Anglo-Saxon poem, quoted by Kemble, says that the thunder threshes with a fiery axe.]
We must remember that Thor`s hammer or axe was not only an offensive weapon but a defensive one also, used to protect people and animals from malignant supernatural forces and as a tool of consecration in weddings and fertility rites.
On discussing Thor`s hammer Jaan Puhvel states "It is thus the bolt, and it can be represented also as an[originally stone] ax, a club, or a counterclockwise hooked cross symbolizing a thunderball, resembling the Indic svastika-`good luck sign`[from Vedic su-asti-`well-being, good fortune`].[Comparative Mythology, page 201].
According to European Myth & Legend[Mike Dixon-Kennedy] the Lithuanian thunder God Perkunas was red bearded, brandished an axe and rattled across the heavens in a chariot drwan by a billy goat[page 187].
Lithuanian is regarded by scholars as one of the very oldest of the Indo-European languages so it is logical for us to assume that this image of Perkunas is an accurate reflection of the original Aryan thunder God and that his weapon was originally an axe, rather than a hammer. How or why the axe developed into a hammer is a issue that I hope to address in a future article.
Sunday, 7 August 2011
The Gods and Goddesses can communicate with us from the Collective Unconscious via dreams and other states of altered consciousness such as hypnotic trances.
Recently I encountered a Goddess during the hypnopompic state of sleep prior to awaking. I often find that dreams experienced shortly before waking stay imprinted on my memory especially if they have a mystical content as this one clearly did.
My dream seemed short and the entire focus of my attention was on the appearance of a nordic looking female being who spoke these words to me: "I am Eriu,Goddess of the Aryans."
This is all She said but it made a deep impression upon me.
Eriu, daughter of Emer[a God of the Tuatha De Danann] was one of a trinity of Goddesses who along with Banba and Fohla founded the land of Ireland[also known as Eire, Erin and Eireann]. Indeed Eire was named after Eriu Herself. Thus we can conclude that She is a Goddess of sovereignity and inheritence.
In Jungian terms this may be interpreted as the manifestation of the Anima, who may be regarded as the collective manifestation of all the females a man has known, especially one`s mother. This idealised feminine is the direct counterpart to the Animus in women. The Anima is a guide to inner wisdom and is a sign that the dreamer must confront his destructive side. She is the embodiment of the feminine qualities of female power, sensitivity and intuition.
For a person to be psychologically whole the feminine and masculine parts of the psyche must be in balance.
In Germanic mythology the a man`s Anima was known by the term Fylgia who accompanied him throughout his life in Midgard and was a type of ancestral guardian spirit.
I have in part interpreted this dream as a need to explore and integrate the solar mythology with the lunar, the God with the Goddess. Too often in Asatru we focus primarilly on the male deities often to the exclusion of the female deities and this creates a spiritual imbalance. This is something we must address in the Northern Tradition to avoid our religious path becoming imbalanced and to avoid females from being deterred from exploring their native Germanic traditions.
Shortly after the manifestation of Eriu a most exciting Aryosophical work has been published called The Epic of Arya. In Search of the Sacred Light by Abir Taha, the author also of Nietzsche, Prophet of Nazism: The Cult of the Superman-Unveiling the Nazi Secret Doctrine. I fully encourage readers of my blogs to obtain copies of these two exciting works.
It is significant for me that a deity whose name is linked to the term Arya and the blood and soil doctrine should choose to reveal Herself to me.
I believe that as followers of the ancestral Gods we must actively seek to communicate with the Gods and Goddesses and two of the most practical and legal ways of doing so are by inducing trance like states and the incubation of dreams[a subject I shall explore later].
Sunday, 31 July 2011
This article should be read in conjuction with my articles The Rigsthula or Germanic Caste System[16/10/06] and Jarl the Wotan Caste[2/06/07] on the Aryan Myth and Metahistory blog.
Over recent months I have given further reflection to the Rigsthula account in the Poetic or Elder Edda and I have identified an additional interpretation. In addition to this being an account of the introduction of the Germanic or indeed Indo-European caste system or its divine sanction by Rig/Heimdall or Rig/Woden it is also an explanation of the divine interference or involvement in human `evolution`. I use the term `evolution` in a restricted sense as I do not subscribe to the Darwinian concept or theory. Perhaps `development` would be a better term to use.
Rather than viewing the impregnation of the three females-Edda, Amma and Modir as occuring within a short and thus contemporaneous time frame it is possible and indeed likely that there may have been long gaps of time between each visit by Rig to these human or proto-human females. One will observe on reading the account that each subsequent visit and impregnation results in a superior child in comparison to the the previous one[s].
The careful reader will also note that the first mother is called Edda or great grandmother, the second Amma or grandmother and the third and last Modir or mother. This would imply a genetic link between the three generations rather than the creation of three seperate castes which may or may not be genetically linked. The terminology obviously implies a family relationship between the three children: Thrall, Karl and Jarl and not just a functional or caste relationship but of course both explanations may be equally valid.
The terminology-great grandmother, grandmother and mother should not be interpreted as 3 literal and directly subsequent linear generations. As I have indicated there could and probably was a great deal of time between each generation. If Rig, being a God was the father of all three children then the astute reader will question why each child is of differing quality to its relatives. The answer to this question is simple. The three females are of differing genetic quality themselves and this would account for the varying quality of the three children.
It is significant that only with the third child, Jarl does Rig develop a paternal relationship.
"Then came Rig walking,
walking out of the thicket, taught him runes;
gave him a name, said he was his son;
then he told him to get ancestral property,
to get ancestral property, a long-established settlement."
Rig did not have this relationship with his two other sons. Jarl is certainly favoured by Rig. It is interesting that Rig "taught him runes" as one would normally assume that this was part of the role of the great Rune Lord Himself, Woden. However Voluspa 1 does refer to the "offspring of Heimdall", whoever this "offspring" may be.
Jarl or `Earl` himself fathers children, the youngest one being Kon or Kin as he is referred to in some translations. Again Rig has a paternal like relationship with his youngest grandson and he appears to be particularly favoured.
"He contended in rune-wisdom with Lord Rig,
he knew more tricks, he knew more;
then he gained and got the right
to be called Rig and to know the runes."
From the line of Rig-Jarl-Kon/Kin a noble race of kings was born. Let us not forget that Rig is cognate with the Irish Ri and itself means `king`. The young Kon[Konr ungr] becomes the King[Konungr] a word which is found in all Germanic languages. So Rig is the kingmaker, the progenitor of Germanic royalty. Strangely though it is Woden who is usually referred to as being the ancestor of Kings. In some instances such as amongst the Swedes this honour is ascribed to Yngvi-Freyr, the father of the Yngling dynasty. This is a subject that I hope to revisit as the Germanic Gods feature most strongly as not only the fathers of Germanic royal dynasties but the fathers of the common Germanic folk as well if `common` is an appropriate term to use as I belive that as Teutons we are all sons of the Gods.
Sunday, 12 June 2011
I discovered an interesting connection between the pealing of church bells and the sign of the Swastika/hammer of Thunor in Stephen Taylors The Fylfot File. Rev. Taylor states that the Flyfot appears on a number of church bells in the mid-eastern counties of England. He has identified 40 churches that contain such Flyfots in Derbyshire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire and Yorksire. Of course these counties are situated in the old Danelaw part of England where Germanic heathenism was reintroduced to a christianised Anglo-Saxon population by Danish settlers.
He believes that the occurence of the Flyfot is linked to pre-Christian Germanic tradition. The Fylfot as we know represents the hammer of Thunor/Thor,Donar and in Sweden in Thor`s temples the sound of thunder was imitated by the striking of pieces of metal with a hammer. There may be also an association between this and the presence of cauldrons in myths relating to Thor. Quoting from another author[Ernest J. Eitel] he states: "Perhaps also you remember to have heard that among the German peasantry and in Iceland the same figure is used as a magical charm to dispel thunder."
Rev Taylor goes on to refer to the medieaval custom English custom of ringing church bells to dispel storms and pestilence. Many European bells bore the Latin inscription Fulgura Frango, "I break up the lightning".
He also refers to an Icelandic magical ritual which was intended to deter or punish thieves:"If a man owns a `Thor`s Hammer`, he will know who it is who has robbed him if he loses anything. To make this hammer, one must have copper from a church bell, three times stolen. The hammer must be hardened in human blood on a Whitsunday, between the reading of the Epistle and the Gospel. A spike must also be forged out of the same material as the hammer, and this spike one must jab against the head of the hammer, saying: "I drive this in the eye of the Father of War, I drive this in the eye of the Father of the Slain, I drive this in the eye of Thor of the Aesir." The thief will then feel pain in his eyes; if he does not return the stolen goods, the procedure is repeated, and then the thief will lose one eye; but should it prove necessary to repeat it a third time, he will lose the other eye too."[Quoted via Icelandic Folktales and Legends, Jacqueline Simpson].
We can learn much about our ancient religion by analysing certain aspects of medieaval church practice which contains many elements of our ancient faith.
The above image is that of an early sign of a Thorshammar. One can clearly see the fusion of the traditional hammer of Thor and that of the Flyfot.
Saturday, 4 June 2011
The Wolfsangel or Wolf-hook Rune does not form part of any historic futharkh although Nigel Pennick in his Secrets of the Runes does place this rune within a fifth Aett.
The rune represents "an ancient iron weapon used to catch and kill wolves. Wolsangel channels magical energy for human use. First it binds all harmful influences and then it obliterates them"[page 77 of The Complete Illustrated Guide To Runes by Nigel Pennick].
He also considers that along with the Anglo-Saxon rune Stan, Wolfsangel is the rune of Vidar, destroyer of the Fenris-wolf[page 119].
"Its greatest use is in binding powerful forces of disorder and dissolution."
"Also, as a wall anchor, it maintained order, preventing the spreading of walls, and the possible collapse of the building."
[page 97, Secrets of the Runes by Nigel Pennick].
The rune is also associated with the sky-God Tyr who sacrificed an arm in order to bind the Fenris-wolf. Its element is earth, its polarity is female, its colour red and it is linked to the metal iron.
With its capacity to bind and destroy forces of disorder and dissolution it was used by the freemen, peasants and farmers of Germany during the Thirty Years War from 1618-1648[a war by the way instigated and prolonged by the forces of Christianity].
Hermann Loens[1866-1914] published his powerful fictional chronicle Der Wehrwolf[The Warwolf] in 1910.
On page 78 of the English translation Loens wrote: "Wolf-runes were carved into the trees in every direction around the hills; they signified: 'Beware! Before you is an abyss, and should you fall in, you are doomed!'" This work will be of interest to Wodenists as there is a clear pre-Christian Germanic religious undercurrent running throughout the whole of the book.
Not surprisingly Der Wehrwolf was required reading for Heinrich Himmler's SS in the closing stages of WWII when Germany was encircled by Bolshevic and Zionist-Capitalist forces, ready to invade and pollute Germany`s sacred soil.
The Wolfsangel became the dreaded symbol of the SS Werewolves and it was found daubed over the doors of collaborators and other traitors. The bodies of executed traitors also bore this sign on a placard as a warning to others who would consider betraying their Volk and Vaterland.
The SS and other non-SS Werewolf units acted as a modern form of the medieaval Holy Vehme who according to Stephen E. Flowers, Ph.D[Edred Thorsson]has its origins in the eight century CE and its revival in the 14th-15th centuries CE with the breakdown of law and order in Germany: "In this time when ancient principles were being violated by the very ones who were supposed to be upholding them[knights and nobles-my emphasis]there arose a mysterious institution: the Holy Vehme[Feme/Veme and Vehme].
The Vehme itself was of ancient origin. Its formal institutions go back to the time of Charlemagne who had established in the law the idea of free-courts in which freemen could apply ancient customary laws to ensure peace and good order in society."[The Northern Dawn. A History of the Awakening of the Germanic Spirit. Volume 1 From the Twilight of the Gods to the Sun at Midnight].
The existence of the Holy Vehme can be traced right through from Charlemagne to the 14-15th century CE, to the 30 Years War, to the Freikorps and the aftermath of WW1 and the Werewolf resistance movement from 1944 to 1949. A thorough history of the Werewolves is given in The Last Nazis. SS Werewolf Guerilla Resistance in Europe 1944-1947 by Perry Bidiscombe. An earlier work by Charles Whiting called Werewolf. The Nazi Resitance Movement 1944-1945 is less authorative in my opinion and quite dismissive in the achievements of these young heroes.
The identity of the members of the Vehme was secret, they met in secret and passed judgement and execution on those who were found guilty of betraying their folk. Execution was mainly carried out by hanging. No doubt this was an unconscious offering to the God of the hanged, Woden.
This rune is beginning to re-emerge in the consciousness of Germanic people, faithful to their Gods who see their lands being systematically invaded and destroyed by alien hordes who are being encouraged to flood our lands by the very democratically elected representatives of the people. The rule of this rootless and folkless political and economic elite is fast coming to an end and they will in time be judged by the people who they have so shamefully betrayed. Their rule is fast coming to an end.
Monday, 30 May 2011
I have just completed my first reading of Edred Thorsson`s Witchdom of the True A Study of the Vana-Troth and the Practice of Seidhr. As always Edred provides penetrating insight into the subject at hand. He starts with establishing the history of the Vana-Troth in Scandinavia, Germany and England and its subsequent suppression by the powerful Christian Church. It would benefit us all, whether we be Asa-tru, Vana-tru or followers of the modern religion of Wicca to realise that the very term wicca is an Old English term meaning the male practitioner of wiccedom[witchdom], wiccecraeft [witchcraft] or wiccung [witching]. It is correctly pronounced 'WITCHuh' and not 'wicker'. The female practitioner was known as a wicca ['WITCHah']. The 'Lord` and 'Lady' of Wicca are none other than the Vanir Freyr and Freyja. Whilst this is a legitimate Germanic path and should be regarded as a twin pillar of the Germanic Troth the modern revival of the religion is largely divorced from its Germanic cultural and spiritual roots and has been used as a tool in recent decades by neo-Marxists to promote their genocidal multicultural and multiracial agenda.
One cannot and should not 'pick and choose' one`s Gods: they are part of one's DNA, one's flesh and blood. For many years we of the folkish Odinist/Wodenist/Wotanist path have realised this. Religion is inseperable from the racial identity of a given folk. By studying the true Vana origins of Wicca individual practitioners of this path may begin to hear and respond to the Call of the Blood and begin to restructure their practices and beliefs in line with the authentic and traditional practices and beliefs of the Germanic folk to which Vana-tru belongs.
Edred in this book explores the differences between Asa-tru and Vana-tru but also points out their commonality of belief. Whilst Asa-tru focuses on being true to the Aesir Gods and Goddeses Vana-tru focuses on the Vanir who occupied different functions from the Aesir. It should be remembered though that after the First War of the Gods and their subsequent truce and peace agreement the Vanir were joined to and largely subsumed by the Aesir under the lordship of All-Father Woden Himself. However although now part of the Aesir they maintained a seperate identity as Vanir.
The differences between the paths of authentic Vana-tru Wicca and Asa-tru are also to be seen in their different approaches to magic. Vana-tru practitioners use seidr as their principal approach which involves entering trance states and possibly a certain amount of shamanism whilst the Erulian's principal magical tool is the Runes. The Rune Master does not enter into a trance state but approaches the Runes with a combination of intellect[being cognisant of the history, traditions and poems connected to the Runes] and inspiration. Rune Magic has a more intellectual and a less emotional component than seidhr. The principal God of the Runes and Asa-tru is of course the All-Father and Rune Lord Woden whilst in Vana-tru and Wicca it is the Lord and Lady, Freyr and Freyja.
Throughout the book Edred appeals to those who find themselves in the Wicca religion to research and acknowledge the Germanic basis to their religion and for it to be reformed along authentic, traditional, folkish and Germanic lines. There is much work to be done but this book represents an effective and intelligent start and basis for Vana-tru revival within Wicca.
Monday, 18 April 2011
May Day[May the 1st] also known as Beltane is under attack by the Tory government. I suspect that this is less to do with its socialist connotations which are relatively recent and more to do with its authentic heathen and Aryan roots. This government just like any other is anti-Aryan and under undue influence from the christian churches to push through a christian agenda.
In the German speaking lands it is the day after Walpurgisnacht which is one of those times of the year when the veil between Midgard and the other eight worlds is thin.
Among the Celtic peoples Bel is like His Germanic counterpart Balder, a solar deity. His festival announces the beginning of of the summer half of the year when in pre-christian times fires were lit all over northern Europe and people jumped through the flames and smoke to purify themselves and to generate fertility.
According to Nigel Pennick[Practical Magic in the Northern Tradition]the Beltane fire was constructed from the woods of nine different trees. Nine of course is a sacred number in Germanic lore. All fires in the villages were extinguished on May Eve and then relit from the central need-fire which is represented by the rune Nauthiz/Nyd/Naudh/Not. The very shape of this rune which does not appear to vary among the various futharks/futhorks is symbolic of the bow drill used to spark the Need Fire.
The jumping over the fire according to Grimm[Teutonic Mythology] is a more recent substitute for human and then later animal sacrifice.
There were of course the famous meetings of witches on Mayday on the Brocken mountain in the Harz in Lower Saxony. Walter Keating Kelly states that "The human witches of Northern Europe are degenerate and abhorred representatives of the ancient goddesses and their attendants, who were themselves developments of the primitive conception of the cloud-women; but witches, even in their degraded state, exhibit a multitude of characteristics by which we can recognise the originals of whom they are but loathsome caricatures."[Curiosities of Indo-European Tradition and Folk-lore]
The Maypole is representative of both the world ash tree, Yggdrasil or Irminsul, the unmoveable representation of the North Star, Asgard. The human spine is also a type of world tree and via it the Sun Initiate may ascend from the lowest of the nine worlds, Hel to the highest, Asgard and other intermediate worlds via spiritual practices such as Rune Yoga and within this spiritual discipline specific exercises such as the Yew Tree working[Nine Doors of Midgard by Edred Thorsson].
The Maypole also represents the phallus and the dancing around it with the coloured streamers signifies both the release of sperm and the kindling of the Need-Fire.
Human life begins with the descent of spirit into matter forming a cross. The vertical line being the direction of spirit and the horizontal being matter. Having descended into physical form the Sun Initiate`s task is to gain experience and then to seek the ascent from matter back into spirit. After sufficient spiritual evolution the Initiate is free from the compulsion of Eternal Recurrence and becomes as it were a God-man, free to choose to return when and where he or she wishes as an avatar. Life in the physical body in reality is a form of sleep and we are in a perpetual dream state. Only with the release of our true Self from the confines of matter will we truly awaken and take with us our life experience as waking from a vivid dream.
This process represents the Armanic concept of Arising-Becming-Passing Away-New Arising taught by Guido von List. Incarnation into individual physical bodies by the God force is an atomisation of the divine and such atomisation or seperation creates the feeling of the "I" and "Not I" which is an illusion. With the release from matter this artificial seperation is extinguished and we again become directly connected with the Absolute.
With the practice of meditation, concentration, visualisation, breathing techniques, runic mantras and runic body shapes we can achieve greater awareness and detachment from illusion. We must as Initiates take the runes beyond the practice of divination and use them as a tool given to the the Germanic peoples to achieve spiritual awakening and upward evolution.
Sunday, 27 March 2011
Who is the God Saxnot? Rudolf Simek in his Dictionary of Northern Mythology states: "In the baptismal vow, Saxnot is named in a divine triad together with Thor and Wodan and as such we may assume that he must have been an important god." Some have sought to identify Him with Tyr or Freyr. In particular Freyr is often mentioned in the same context as Thunor/Donar/Thor and Woden/Wotan/Woden. The name also occurs in the genealogies of Anglo-Saxon royal houses[Essex]. It takes the form of Seaxnet, Saxneat and Saxnat.He is thus considered to be the divine ancestor of the Saxon folk just as Ing was the divine ancestor of the Angles.
Hilda Ellis Davidson in her Gods and Myths of Northern Europe states: "Saxnot could originally have been Sahsginot, 'sword companion', and this is a fitting name for a war god in whose honour swords were wielded and to whom swords were sacrificed. The worship of Tiwaz under this name may have been brought into Essex when the Saxons came over to Britain." Jacob Grimm in his Teutonic Mythology Volume 1 speculates that the Saxons named themselves either after this God or after their "sword of stone[saxum]".
There is clearly a connection between the Saxons and their tribal name, the name of their short sword the seax and the name of this tribal God. It may very well be that the importance of this God declined after the Saxons started to settle down to a more peaceful form of existence after their colonisation of southern Britain and their adoption of christianity.
Little more is known about Him but bearing in mind that He was considered important enough to be named in the christians` vows of renunciation which accompanied baptism then we need to consider giving honour to this God especially those of us who are of Saxon blood.
End ec forsacho allum dioboles uuercum and uuordum, Thunaer ende Uuôden ende Saxnôte ende allum thêm unholdum thê hira genôtas sint.
'I renounce all the deeds and words of the devil, Thunear, Wōden and Saxnōt, and all those fiends that are their companions'.
Sunday, 20 February 2011
Vali is one of the seven Gods who either survive Ragnarok or are resurrected from Hel.
Along with his brother Vidar and Thunor`s two sons Magni and Modi and Hoenir He survives Ragnarok to be one of the deities of the new Golden Age. Baldr and Hothr are themseves resurrected from Hel.
Vali is the son of Woden and the Goddess Rindr who was bred specifically to avenge the murder of His brother Baldr by killing his brother Hodr. There are at most three references to Vali in the Eddas and in one of these His identity is inferred but He is not named.
"There dwell Vidar and Vali
In the gods` holy seats,
When slaked Surtur`s fire is
But Modi and Magni
Will Mjolnir possess,
And strife put an end to."
"Vidar and Vali will the gods` holy fanes inhabit, when Surt`s fire shall be quenched.Modi and Magni will Miollnir possess, and warfare strive to end."
"Rind a son shall bear, in the western halls: he shall slay Odin`s son, when one night old. He a hand will not wash, nor his head comb, ere he to the pile has borne Baldr`s adversary. By compulsion I have spoken; I will now be silent."
Vali, whose name in Old Norse means `Little Warrior` is an avenging God and no doubt He will be a personification of the avenging Kalki Avatar who must appear before the close of the Kali Yuga at Ragnarok to take vengeance on the enemies of our Gods before the new Golden Age may begin. It is on the 14th day of every Februray that we keep his holy feast.
Sunday, 9 January 2011
After the great but necessary calamity of Ragnarok there will arise a renewed earth and a new sun and moon. Aryan humanity is destined to survive in the form of the couple Lif[ON `life`] and Lifrasir[ON `the one striving after life] but so are some of the Gods, namely Baldr, Hodr, Hoenir, Magni, Modi, Vidar, Vali and Njord. There is no mention in the Voluspa or the Gylfaginning of any Godesses surviving. Now whether this is intentional or just an oversight I do not know. Of the eight Gods referred to seven are of the Aesir and one of the Vanir-Njord who is said to return to his home of Noatun after Ragnarok. [Vafthrudnismal 39]. Seven is the number that governs occult mysteries. It is a sacred number and signifies the victory of spirit over matter, perfection.
"The Aesir meet on Ida`s plain,
and of the mighty earth-encircler speak,
and there to memory call their mighty deeds,
and the supreme god`s ancient lore"
Woden will live on in the bodies of his sons Vidar and Vali. Woden`s son Thunor will live on in the bodies of his sons Magni and Modi. These two pairs of brothers are third generation Gods.
Magni[ON `the strong one`] is the personification of Thunor`s strength and at the age of just 3 years He rescued Thunor from under the leg of the giant Hrungnir. His mother was the giant Jarnsaxa.
Modi[ON `the angry one`]is the personification of Thunor`s anger. Less is known of Him than His brother Magni.
Magni and Modi will inherit Thunor`s hammer Mjollnir:
"Vidar and Vali will the gods` holy fanes inhabit,
when Surt`s fire shall be quenched.
Modi and Magni will Miollnir possess,
and warfare strive to end."
Vidarr[ON `the wide ruling one`] is known as `the slient God` and with his strong shoe he avenges his father Woden on Fenrir the wolf at Ragnarok. His mother is the giantess Grid who lent Thunor her belt of strength, her iron glove and staff to fight the giant Geirrod.
Vali[ON `little warrior`]avenges the death of His brother Baldr at one day old by killing the blind God Hodr. He was bred specifically for this purpose and His mother Rindr is one of the Asyniur[Godesses].
Hoenir along with Woden and Lodur participated in the creation of Germanic mankind. After the war with the Vanir He was given as a hostage along with Mimir by the Aesir.
Apart from Him the other six Gods are pairs of brothers.
He is the only first generation God to survive Ragnarok and it appears that He will partake of priestly office and divine from the Runes:
"The can Hoenir choose his lot,...."
Hodr[ON `warrior, fighter`], the blind God and the unwitting slayer of His brother Baldr.
Baldr, the second son of Woden and Frigg, the husband of Nanna and the most beloved God of light. Baldr and Hodr represent light and darkness and with their resurrection after Ragnarok they symbolise a return to balance and harmony. These are the only two Gods who are second generation who were killed well before the events of Ragnarok.
Njord is the father of the twins Freyr and Freyja and the husband of the giantess Skadi. His home is Noatun by the sea. He is connected in some way with the more ancient deity Nerthus, a Goddess. He is a God of the wind and sea.
In addition to these eight Gods the Runes[and their knowledge] along with Mjolnir will survive Ragnarok.
When we break down the Gods into the three functions[Dumezil]: sovereignity, warfare and production it is clear that Hoenir occupying the priestly office is a God of the first function. Vidar and Vali being Gods of vengeance and thus warriors and along with Hodr[`warrior, fighter`]occupy the office of the second function.
Magni and Modi possess the hammer which can be used for both waging war and also for blessing married couples and bringing fertility of crops, animals and humans and thus may consider to be occupying the third function.
Baldr, the most loved of the Gods, being a shining God of light I consider along with Hoenir to also occupy the office of the first function but as sovereign and not unlike Hoenir as a priest. The first function originally combined the roles of priest and sovereign which eventually developed into seperate functions amongst certain Indo-European peoples.
Njord as a Van is of course a God of fertility and thus of the third function.
So although the Germanic pantheon is much diminished it is in essence complete and the individual Gods may in the process of time father children either with unnamed Goddesses that may survive Ragnarok or with Aryan humanity who are to be viewed as their `children`.